You want to display the passage as close to the way the original text was presented as possible. Here are the three takeaway points. The page number should always appear in parentheses. In that case, you may use the author's first initial, first and middle initials, first name and middle initial, or first and middle names. Use the original line beaks. Quotations totaling less than four typed lines of prose or three lines of verse follow the brief quotations formatting rules. As with the use of single and double quotation marks, the punctuation practices vary across American and British English.
These marks go inside the quotation marks when they apply to the quoted material only. If the title is for a long work, list it in italics. Quotes In American English If you are a writer in America, or your audience is primarily American, here are the basic rules of putting quotes within quotes. Also if you heard someone mention it in a TedTalk, would you want to actually look up that quote or just cite the TedTalk video? Three levels of quotations are a bit much for the reader to make sense of. The economist Johnson has indicated that technological advancements spur economic growth 16. He who suffers for love does not suffer, for all suffering is forgot.
In this post, we covered using quotation marks: quotation marks and periods, commas and quotation marks, question marks inside quotes, and other quotation mark rules. Online Publication Book Basic Format: Author. Note that there are no punctuation marks after the closing parenthesis and there are no quotations marks around the text itself. Quoting a passage which is four lines or longer in your text this passage should be indented ten spaces from the left margin : It was so artistically done, and with so much fertility and gorgeous luxuriance of fancy, that it had all the effect of a last and fitting decoration to the apparel which she wore; and which was of a splendor in accordance with the taste of the age, but greatly beyond what was allowed by the sumptuary regulations of the colony. In no case do you single-space anything. Essentially, any time you paraphrase another person's or source's ideas, or any time you use a direct quotation in your paper, you need to cite that source. Title of Book edition if not first.
The American rule is that periods always go inside the quotation marks more on that below. . Thou art no Pearl of mine! Title of Periodical, Volume number Issue number if available , pages. Is it merely the conventional privileging of plot in mainstream cinema and television alike that is responsible for both the supersession of original-language Shakespeare and the avoidance of substitute dialogue that might itself be construed as too literary or inventive? List the actual source where you found the quote in the in-text citation and in the Works Cited list. Double-space and center your title. Longer quotes follow the lengthy quotation guidelines. They go outside when they apply to the whole sentence.
How do you cite a source that you found in another source? Normally, a quote within a quote like this will be brief, since people usually use only short direct quotes from another person. Examples: Interpreting these results, Robbins et al. You should make an effort to track down the original work when you want to quote a passage that someone also quoted. Note the positions of the quotation marks, citation, and period at the end of the sentence. If you are an American writer, you can ignore the British English sections of this post.
A works cited list is a list that appears at the end of your paper. This is a topic that has almost certainly confused each and every one of us in our reading and writing at some point or another. Note: If the name of the author is part of the narrative, only the year and page or paragraph numbers are enclosed in separate parentheses. Brief Quotations Incorporate a brief quotation into the text of your essay. For example, take this as a paragraph from the book. An example of this format is as follows: Smith, John.
If you have more than one source from the same author, just add a shortened title for the particular source you're using to the author's name in the in-text citation. You might end up with sources from two different authors who share the same last name. Instead, format the block so it is indented 1 inch from the left as compared to the rest of the text. The secondary quotes now have double quotations around them. Add a parenthetical citation for the secondary source. Some economists have indicated that technological advancements spur economic growth B.
I appreciate the effort you put into it. Make sure you are very clear with the names of who is saying what. Restate the indirect quote in your own words. Place a period after this parenthetical citation. Thankfully, there are a number of simple grammar rules you can learn to help you reference indirect quotes properly.
Follow the introduction by positioning the quotation in a separate block of text. The different uses of single vs. Quotes in British English The British English practice of single and double quotes is precisely the opposite of American English. Readers who want more information than what you've provided in your paper can use the cited sources. Indicate breaks in brief quotations of verse with a slash surrounded by a space on each side, at the end of each individual verse line.