One major point of contention resulted from ambiguous wording in the treaty. Starting in the 1830s, many groups of pioneers travelled to the state on the famous Oregon Trail, and the U. Territory and the only Territory organized by the Congress that operated under the Articles of Confederation17th1 March 1803 Admitted by an Act of Congress of 19 February 1803 recognizing a State government already formed30 April 1802authorizing. The American settlers were excited at the thought of having this territory for themselves. The territory became part of the United States through the Oregon Treaty in 1846. Establishing Borders: The Expansion of the United States, 1846-48 Establishing Borders: The Expansion of the United States, 1846-48 The Oregon Question - - - Far to the north and west of Texas, the United States and several other nations vied for the Oregon Country: the land north of California and west of the Rocky Mountains. In reality, neither side wanted to go to war over Oregon.
Each territoryis allowed to send a delegate to the House of Representatives. Polk's rallying cry during the election was Fifty-four, Forty or Fight, which was the northern limit of the United States claim to the disputed Oregon Territory, just short of the Russian border of Alaska. The British gained sole possession of the land north of the and all of , with the United States receiving the territory south of that line. The dispute was peacefully resolved after a decade of confrontation and military bluster during which the local British authorities consistently lobbied London to seize back the Puget Sound region entirely, as the Americans were busy elsewhere with the Civil War. On February 14, 1859, the territory entered the Union as the U. Since Britain and the newly developed American Republic did not want to fight a 3rd war in 70 years, President Polk accepted a previous compromise to the Oregon Boundary at the 49th parallel, as far as the Strait of Georgia. In 1843 the United States became alarmed over the policy of Great Britain toward Texas.
The Oregon Treaty settled the dispute between the and over the area in Oregon located between the Columbia River and the 49th parallel. People needed to carry all that they owned inside the wagons — check out the diagram below to see how they were packed. Democrats appealed to the expansionist sentiments of both Northern and Southern voters and their shared desire to safeguard the sectional balance in Congress. The Philippines, once a territory of theUnited States, was given independence 40-years after it was cededby Spain to the United States. In 1819, Spain ceded its claims to the territory to the United States. Great Britain claimed the Oregon Territory down to about the Klamath River. Some settlers also began arriving in the late 1830s, and covered wagons crossed the beginning in 1841.
The 1846 Treaty of Washington set the border at the 49th parallel, but ceded all of Vancouver Island to Britain. Becoming a State The Oregon Territory was established in 1848. By 1844, when Polk ran forPresident, Britain was the main contender. When the British disagreed, Polk reasserted his election rallying cry. The capital of the territory was first , then , followed briefly by , then back to Salem, which became the state capital upon Oregon's admission to the Union. In 1818, the two countries agreed to joint occupancy of the region.
British Minister to Washington, Richard Pakenham, and Secretary of State supported and encouraged by British Foreign Secretary Lord Aberdeen and Senator of South Carolina, worked out a compromise. Yet it became a part of the United States' policy of Manifest Destiny and westward expansion. In May 1846, President Polk convinced Congress to declare war on Mexico. Although the British and the Americans agreed to joint occupation of the territory in 1818, things were getting crowded and contentious by the 1840s, as the Americans outnumbered the British. About the Author Dee Shneiderman, former librarian and paralegal, has been writing for 40+ years.
The initial war cries called for land to be given up much further north than the 49th parallel. A group of settlers in the began meeting in 1841 to discuss organizing a government for the area. In 1846, the border between U. North of the 49th was not suitable for American farming. In a secret treaty in 1800, spain returned Louisiana and the port to Frances' powerful leader, Napoleon. In 1853, the portion of the territory north of the lower and north of the 46th parallel east of the river was organized into the. When the Europeans first arrived in the land, there were numerous.
Deteriorating relations with Mexico and favorable public opinion made the compromise acceptable to the United States, while Britain was likewise interested in a peaceful solution because it had more pressing domestic and foreign issues to consider. Lewis and Clark In 1803, the United States purchased a large region of land from France called the Louisiana Purchase. The settlers adopted a set of laws which were based on the laws of Iowa. President Polk was elected and he encouraged Manifest Destiny,stating that Amer … ica's destiny included as much land gain aspossible. A peninsula, jutting south from Canada into , was made by the agreement, as land south of the 49th parallel, a separate fragment of the United States.
In addition to the U. The treaty provided for joint control of that land for ten years. It would be losing land. In 1846, the between the U. Texas moved more quickly: It was annexed by the United States in March of 1845 and became a state by the end of December.