All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-spaced. Even though the name implies psychological works, the range is not limited to that particular field only. This will help you to summarize without copying key sentences from your paper. What do the findings mean? It is a citation style which is most commonly used to cite sources for papers within the social sciences. This style is one of the most common formatting examples for a variety of research papers, whether in exact, social sciences, or humanities. In some cases, research may have been supported by more than one institution. Type your title in upper and lowercase letters centered in the upper half of the page.
Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases. Take a look at the specific examples: A book with an author Blacksmith, J. It must be right aligned. In some other cases, however, you will be required to write an abstract. The right hand side of every page in the header section will be the first 2 or 3 words from the title of your paper your choice either 2 or 3 words ; you then insert five spaces, and then … the page number is located against the right hand margin. It should also accurately reflect what your paper is about. Pay close attention to the purpose, methods, scope, results, conclusions, and recommendations mentioned in your paper.
Type the title in italics and sentence case followed by a period. The text size is 12 pt. In many cases, you might begin by stating the question you sought out to investigate and your. Again, just the name of the institution is required, without any descriptive text preceding it. Begin with a brief summary of the , and then continue on with a summary of the , , and Discussion sections of your paper.
You can use it freely with some kind of link , and we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution. If the citation is less than 40 words, you write in line with your paragraph text in quotation marks and mention the author and the year of publication in brackets after the quotation. Writing Commons, , helps students improve their writing, critical thinking, and information literacy. The text is centered, but neither bold nor capitalized. No worries - you will not have to discard them straightway. This format also stipulates the use of an abstract designed to very briefly summarize the key details contained in a paper without providing too much detail. You may also want to list keywords from your paper in your abstract.
Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. An abstract is a summary or summation of a longer text, article, or treatise, and abstracting can mean condensing and excerpting information. Course Information Center and double space the course title and number, the instructor, and the date. You can also include a list of keywords for use in databases. Major Paper Sections Your essay should include four major sections: the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.
To create this article, 14 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. If that is not the case, include as much information about the source as you possibly can. You should use a clear font that is highly readable. Basically, the function of the abstract is to break down the work into bite-size chunks to be reviewed before reading the entire piece. Outline the objective, problem statement, research questions and hypotheses. Also, it is advisable not to have over one line of keywords in this part.
Your abstract should contain at least your research topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. Here is how the formatting will look in such a case: Ashcroft, J. The text in this article is licensed under the. Department of Justice Community Relations Service. The noun 'abstraction' is a word for the act or process of takingaway or removing characteristics from something in order to reduceit to a set of essential characteristics; the quality of dealingwith ideas rather than substance; artwork that does not representthe actual physical form of its subject. However, don't get too zealous with the quotations. The abstract should be dense and phrased in a way that allows it to be read alone.
To keep your abstract short, focus on including just four or five of the essential points, concepts, or findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph double-spaced. Your goal should be to craft a title that can stand alone and be fully explanatory without further elaboration. Depending on what they're okay with, you could write about yourself in the first person, or you could write about yourself in the third person i. Retrieved from Just like there are sources without an author, there will be sources without a publication date.
An Abstract The noun 'abstract' is a word for a summary of the contents of abook, article, or formal speech. To do this, indent as you would if you were starting a new paragraph, type Keywords: italicized , and then list your keywords. The abstract should also be written as only one paragraph with no indentation. Avoid using the first person. After your paper is done, go back and reread what you've written to identify your purpose, methods, scope, results, and conclusions. Ideally, they should comprise no more than 10% of your paper text. Img by Sean MacEntee A correctly formatted title page is very quick and easy to do, so there is no excuse for getting it wrong.